An Exciting Trip

I have just received a letter from my brother, Tim. He is in Australia. He has been there for six months. Tim is an engineer. He is working for a big firm and he has already visited a great number of different places in Australia. He has just bought an Australian car and has gone to Alice Springs, a small town in the center of Australia.
He will soon visit Darwin. From there, he will fly to Perth. My brother has never been abroad before, so he is finding this trip very exciting. 

Comprehension Précis and Composition 

Answer these questions in not more than 50 words. 

1.What has the writer   just received from his brother, Tim? 

2.Is Tim an engineer, or is he a doctor?
3.How long has he been in Australia?
4.Has he already visited many places or not?
5.Where is he now?
6.Has Tim ever been abroad before or not?
7.Is he enjoying his trip very much or not? 


Key structures 

What has happened? 

These sentences are from the passage. Study them carefully. Pay close attention to the words in italics: 

I have just received a letter from my brother, Tim. 

He has just bought an   Australian car and   has gone to Alice Springs. 

He has been there for six months. 

He has already visited great number of different places. 

My brother has never been abroad before. 

Here are some more sentences: 

He has retired now. 

Have you ever been to Australia? 

Have you read any good books lately? 

I haven’t been very successful so far. 

The train has not arrived yet. 

A. Write the sentences again. Put the words in brackets in the right place:
1.I just have had breakfast. (just)
2.He has been in prison   for six months. (for six months)
3.The police have not caught the thief yet. (yet)
4.You have already asked that question three times. (already)
5.Have you ever been to Switzerland? (ever)
6.I have never been to Switzerland. (never)
7.He is a wonderful runner. He has broken two records so far. (so far)
8.I haven’t seen George lately. (lately) 

  1. Give the correct form of the verbs in brackets. Do not refer to the passage until you finish the exercise:
    I have just received(receive) a letter from my brother Tim. He is in Australia. He’s been(be) there for six months. Tim is an engineer. He is working for a big firm and he already has visit (visit) a great number of different places in Australia. He has just bought (buy) an Australian car and   has gone (go) to Alice Springs. My brother has never been (be) abroad before, so he is finding this trip very exciting. 
  2. What is happening? What has happened?
    Read these two statements: The bell is ringing.
    The bell has just rung. 

Complete the following in the same way.
1.He is living the house. -he has just left the house.
2.He is having breakfast. – he has just had breakfast.
3.She is writing a letter. – she has just   wrote  a  letter.
4.My sister is turning on the radio. – my sister has just turned the radio on.
5.My mother is making the bed. – my mother had just made the bed.
6.She is buying a new hat. – she has just bought a new hat. 


  1. Read these two statements: He is still having breakfast.
    He hasn’t had breakfast yet.
    Complete the following in the same way:
    1.She is still washing the dishes. — She hasn’t washed the dishes yet.
    2.She is still making the bed. — She hasn’t made the bed yet.
    3.He is still combing his hair. — He hasn’t combed his hair yet.
    4.She is still sweeping the carpet. —She hasn’t swop the carpet yet.
    5.We are still reading “Macbeth”. — We haven’t read “Macbeth” yet. 
  2. Read these two statements: I’ve already had lunch.
    Have you had lunch yet?
    Ask questions in the same way:
    1.I’ve already seen the new play at “The Globe”. — Have you seen the play “The Globe” yet?
    2.I’ve already taken my holidays. —Have you taken your holidays yet?
    3.I’ve already read this book. —Have you read this book yet?
    4.I’ve already done my homework. —Have you done your homework yet?
    5.I’ve already finished my work. —Have you finished your work yet? 

Special Difficulties
Words Often Confused
Receive and take.
Receive: I have just received a letter from my brother.
Take: Someone has taken my pen. 

Choose the correct words in the following
1.Yesterday I (took) (received) a present from Aunt Jane.
2.Have you (taken) (received) a letter from him yet?
3.I (took) (received) the letter with me.
4.He has (taken) (received) some flowers to her.
5.Why did you (receive) (take) this book off the shelf? 







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